Visit Malaysia - National Mosque, Kuala Lumpur
The National Mosque (Masjid Negara) stands diagonally opposite the Kuala Lumpur Railway Station in a laid-out garden of approximately 5.5 hectares. It was designed and supervised by the Federal Public Works Department and took three years to complete at a cost of RM10 million. The building itself occupies an area of 2090 square metres and its facilities include a hall, a mausoleum, a library, offices, an open courtyard and a minaret.
The Grand Hall is surrounded by deep verandahs which are screened off by white grills of traditional Islamic design, similar to those found in the mosques at Agra and Fatehpur Sikri in India. The Grand Hall and the verandahs provide a praying area of 1432 square metres and can easily accomodate up to 8000 people. The floor of the Grand Hall is carpeted while the remaining area has a finish of pre-cast terrazzo slabs.
The Dewan is located on the South side of the mosque and serves as an all-purpose hall with a seating capacity for 500 persons. The mausoleum, situated at the rear of the mosque, stands in a circular reflecting pool and is connected to the main building by a covered foot-bridge. It is circular in shape and is covered by a pleated shell concrete dome similar in shape to that of the Grand Hall but with only seven folds, one of which covers a reserve for the national hero’s tomb.
The air-conditoned library and offices are situated at the rear of the main building. The open courtyard is opposite the library and is in front of the Grand Hall. Courtyards in West Asian mosques are open to the sky and usually feature a cluster of fountains in a pavilion or an open pool where ablutions can be performed.
The National Mosque courtyard is partly covered by 48 independent concrete parasols to provide shade from the sun and shelter from the heavy and regular tropical rain. There is a fountain for ablution located on the floor beneath. The minaret is 3.8 metres high, rising from the centre of a long and narrow reflecting pool by the side of the Grand Hall. The top of the minaret is decorated with a concrete spire which takes the form of a closed umbrella and soars 27.5 metres above the balcony.
Ladies have a separate entrance directly connected to the ladies’ ablution hall. Their prayer area is in the gallery at the northern end of the building. This gallery also provides booths for television and radio services, and a viewing-post for visitors who wish to witness the proceedings in the mosque.